Cold War

Timeline

1945

1946

1947

  • Jan - Feb: Winter of 1946-47
    • Affected the rest of Europe besides the UK
    • Was said to be a factor in the introduction of Marshall Plan
  • 1 Jan: American and British zones in Germany unite to form Bizone
  • 19 Jan: Establishment of the Polish People's Republic
  • 17 Feb: Voice of America begins radio broadcasts into Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union
  • 4 Mar: Treaty of Dunkirk signed between France and the UK
    • Provides mutual assistance in the event of attack
  • 12 Mar: Truman proclaims the Truman Doctrine in an address to Congress
    • Played up on the threat of growing Communist threat
    • Would counter Soviet geopolitical expansion worldwide
  • 16 Apr: Bernard Baruch describes the tensions between the Soviet Union and the US as a "Cold War"
  • 31 May: Ferenc Nagy, the Prime Minister of Hungary is forced to resign and go into exile by the "salami tactics" of the Hungarian Communist Party
  • 5 Jun: US Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the Marshall Plan for the reconstruction of Europe
  • 26 Jul: Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947 into law
    • CIA, National Security Council, Dept of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff created
  • Sep: The Soviet Union forms the Communist Information Bureau (COMINFORM)
  • 14 Nov: UN passes UN General Assembly Resolution 112
    • Called for withdrawal of foreign troops from Korea, free elections in Korea and the creation of a UN commission to unify the Korean peninsula
  • 30 Dec: King Michael I of Romania forced to abdicate

1948

  • 22 Jan: British foreign secretary Ernest Bevin proposes the formation of a Western Union against the Soviet Union
  • 1 Feb: The Soviet Union begins to jam the Voice of America broadcasts
  • 25 Feb: 1948 Czechoslovak coup d'├ętat
    • Communist Party of Czechoslovakia assumed control over government with Soviet backing
    • Loss of last democracy in Eastern Europe
    • Completion of a Soviet bloc and the partition of Europe
    • Unified Western countries against the Communist bloc
    • Accelerated construction of a West European alliance
    • Reduced American public opposition towards the Marshall Plan
    • Sparked lobbying for substantial rise in US military budget
    • Renewal of American selective service
  • 17 Mar: Signing of the Treaty of Brussels establishing the Western Union
    • Signatories: Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, United Kingdom
    • Provides for economic, social and cultural collaboration and collective self-defence
  • 3 Apr: Truman signs the Marshall Plan into law
  • 16 Apr: The Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC) is formed to administer the Marshall Plan
  • 18 Apr: 1948 Italian general election
    • Heavily influenced by confrontation between the Soviet Union and the US
    • The US State Department and the CIA were involved in covert political warfare
    • The CIA would continue to influence the Italian political situation for at least the next 24 years
  • 30 Apr: The Organization of American States is founded
  • 14 May: The State of Israel is formed
  • 14 May: The RAND Corporation is established
    • Offers research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces
  • 16 Jun: First shots of the Malayan Emergency were fired in Perak, Malaysia
  • 18 Jun: Start of Malayan Emergency (1948 - 1960)
    • The state of emergency is declared in the Malayan Union, due to a Communist insurgency
  • 24 Jun: Start of Berlin Blockade (1948 - 1949)
  • 26 Jun: Start of Berlin airlift (1948 - 1949)
  • 28 Jun: Start of Yugoslav-Soviet split and Informbiro period in Yugoslavia (1948 - 1955)
  • 20 Jul: Truman issues second peacetime military draft in the United States
  • 20 Jul: Twelve CPUSA leaders arrested and charged under the Alien Registration Act
  • 15 Aug: The Republic of Korea was formally established
  • 18 Aug: The Danube Commission is created by the Belgrade Convention of 1948
    • Members: Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Ukraine, the USSR and Yugoslavia
    • Replaced previous commissions that had included non-riparian powers
  • 25 Aug: The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) holds their first-ever televised congressional hearing
  • 9 Sep: The Democratic People's Republic of Korea was proclaimed
  • 10 Oct: The R-1 missile becomes the first Soviet launch to enter space
  • 17 Dec: The Finnish Security Police is established to remove communist leadership from its predecessor, the State Police